Georgian Trials

This is a list of some trials in Britain between 1740 and 1837.

This is not, of course, a definitive inventory. It is likely that details of the case were reported in the news. If you can find the name you are searching please make contact by using the enquiry form. I will see if any archive material is available. If you cannot find the person you are searching don’t worry – please enquire anyway. I will do a search and get back to you.

The data for these British trial pages is sourced from references more than 100 years old and took a long time to transcribe and digitise for the internet. They make fascinating reading and create temptation for us to find out more. They cover all life from murder to executions, libel, slander, bankruptcy, love affairs, divorce, wills, land disputes – it’s all there for us to discover and read about in the newspapers generations on.

I have transcribed these pages as faithfully as possible with little change to the language and style. I have taken time-out to remove any references that, today, we might find racist or offensive (as language and attitudes towards life has changed dramatically since the days of these court proceedings).

William Buell, executed for murder at Tyburn, but who came to life when about undergoing dissection at Surgeons’ Hall, 24 Nov, 1740

Lords Kilmarnock and Balmerino for high treason, 28 July, 1746

Mary Hamilton, for marrying with her own sex, 14 wives, 7 Oct, 1746

Lord Lovatt, 8o years of age, for high treason, beheaded, 9 March, 1747

Freney, the celebrated Irish robber, who surrendered himself, 9 July, 1749

Amy Hutchinson, burnt at Ely, for the murder of her husband, 5 Nov, 1750

Miss Blandy, the murder of her father (hanged), 3 March, 1752

Ann Williams, for the murder of her husband, burnt alive, 11 April, 1753

Eugene Aram, for murder at York, executed, 13 Aug, 1759

Earl Ferrers, for the murder of his steward, executed, 16 April, 1760

Mr, MacNaughten, at Strabane, for the murder of Miss Knox, 8 Dec, 1761

Ann Bedingfield, for the murder of her husband burnt alive, 6 April, 1763

Mr, Wilkes, alderman of London, for an obscene poem (” Essay on Woman “), 21 Feb, 1764

Murderers of captain Glas his wife daughter mate and passengers on board the ship Earl of Sandwich, at sea, 3 March, 1766

Elizabeth Brownrigg, for the murder of one of her female apprentices, hanged, 12 Sept, 1767

Lord Baltimore, the libertine and his female accomplices, for rape, 28 March, 1763

Great cause between the families of Hamilton and Douglas 27 Feb, 1769

Great Valencia cause in the house of peers in Ireland, 18 March, 1772

Cause of Somerset the slave, 22 June, 1772

Elizabeth Herring, for the murder of her husband hanged and afterwards burnt at Tyburn, 13 Sept, 1772

Perreau brothers, bankers forgery hanged, 17 Jan, 1776

Duchess of Kingston, for marrying two husbands guilty, 15 April, 1776

Dr, Dodd, for forging a bond of £420, in the name of the earl of Chesterfield executed, 27 June, 1777

Admiral Keppel, by court-martial honourably acquitted, 11 Feb, 1779

Mr Hackman, for the murder of Miss Reay when coming out of the theatre-royal Covent-garden, 16 April, 1779

Lord George Gordon, on a charge of high treason acquitted, 5 Feb, 1781

Captain John Donellan, for murder of sir Theodosius Boughton executed, 2 April, 1781

Mr Woodfall, the celebrated printer for a libel on lord Loughborough afterwards lord chancellor, 10 Nov, 1786

Lord George Gordon, for a libel on the queen of France guilty, 28 Jan, 1788

Mr, Warren Hastings, a trial which lasted seven years and three months commenced, 13 Feb, 1788

The printer of the Times newspaper, for libels on the prince of Wales and dukes of York and Clarence fined £200 and imprisoned one year, 3 Feb, 1790

Renwick Williams, called the “Monster” for stabbing women in London , 8 July, 1790

Barrington, the pickpocket, most extraordinary adept, transported, 22 Sept, 1790

Thomas Paine, political writer and deist, for libels in the Rights of Man, guilty , 18 Dec, 1792

Archibald Hamilton Rowan for libel imprisoned and fined , 29 Jan, 1794

Mr, Purefoy, for the murder of colonel Roper in a duel , acquitted, 14 Aug,, 1794

Mr, Robert Watt and Downie, at Edinburgh for treason, 3 Sept, 1794

Hardy Home Tooke Thelwall and Joyce, for high treason, acquitted, 29 Oct, 1794

Earl of Abingdon, for his libel on Mr, Serman, guilty, 6 Dec, 1794

Major Semple alias Lisle, for felony, 18 Feb, 1795

Redhead Yorke, at York, libel , 27 Nov, 1795

Lord Westmeath v Bradshaw, for criminal damages, £10,000, 4 March, 1796

Lord Valentia v Mr Gawler, for adultery damages £2,000, 16 June, 1796

Daniel Isaac Eaton, for libels on kingly government guilty, 8 July, 1796

Sir Godfrey Webster v lord Holland, for adultery damages £600, 27 Feb, 1797

Parker, the mutineer at the Nore called admiral , 27 June, 1797

Boddington v Boddington, for criminal damages £10000, 5 Sept, 1797

William Orr at Carrickfergus, for high, Treason, executed, 12 Oct, 1797

Mrs, Phepoe, alias Benson murderess, 9 Dec, 1797

The murderers of col, St George and Mr Uniacke, at Cork, 15 April, 1798

Arthur O’Connor and O’Coigley, at Maidstone, for treason latter hanged, 21 May, 1798

Sir Edward Crosbie and others for high treason hanged, 1 June, 1798

Beauchamp Bagenal Harvey, at Wexford, for high treason, 21 June, 1798

Sheares, at Dublin, for high treason, executed, 12 July, 1798

Theobald Woulffe Tone, by court-martial he committed suicide, 10 Nov, 1798

Sir Harry Brown Hayes, for carrying off Miss Pike of Cork 13 April, 1800

Hatfield, for shooting at George III, 26 June, 1800

Mr, Tighe of Westmeath v Jones, for damages £10000, 2 Dec, 1800

Mutineers at Bantry Bay, hanged, 8 Jan, 1802

Governor Wall, for cruelty and murder twenty years before , 20 Jan, 1802

Crawley, for the murder of two females in Peter’s-row, Dublin, 6 March, 1802

Colonel Despard and his associates, for high treason hanged on the top of Horsemonger-lane gaol, 7 Feb, 1803

M Peltier, for libel on Bonaparte first consul of France, in l’Ambigue guilty, 21 Feb, 1803

Robert Aslett, cashier at the bank of England for embezzlement and frauds the loss to the bank £320000 found not guilty on account of the invalidity of the bills , 18 July, 1803

Robert Emmett, at Dublin, for high treason executed next day, 19 Sept, 1803

Keenan, one of the murderers of lord Kilwarden hanged, 2 Oct, 1803

Mr, Smith, for the murder of the supposed Hammersmith Ghost, 13 Jan, 1804

Lockhart and Laudon Gordon for carrying off Mrs Lee, 6 March, 1804

Rev C Massy v marquis of Headfort, for damages, £10000, 27 July, 1804

William Cooper, the Hackney Monster for offences against females, 17 April, 1805

General Picton, for applying the torture to Louisa Calderon to extort confession at Trinidad, tried (under 42 Geo, III, c, 85) in the court of King’s Bench, guilty [new trial, same verdict, II June, 1808], 24 Feb, 1806

Mr, Patch, for the murder of his partner, Mr Bligh, 6 April, 1806

Lord Melville, impeached by the House of Commons acquitted, 12 June, 1806

Hamilton Rowan, in Dublin, pleaded the king’s pardon, 1 July, 1806

The Warrington gang, for unnatural offences executed, 23 Aug, 1806

Palm, the bookseller, by a French military commission at Brennau, 26 Aug, 1806

Judge Johnson, for a libel on the earl of Hardwicke guilty, 23 Nov, 1806

Lord Cloncurry v Sir John B, Piers for damages £20000, 19 Feb, 1807

Holloway and Haggerty, the murderers of Mr, Steele thirty persons were crushed to death at their execution at the Old Bailey, 20 Feb, 1807

Sir Home Popham, by court-martial repri­manded, 7 March, 1807

Knight v Dr, Wolcot, alias Peter Pindar for criminal conviction, 27 June, 1807

Lieut Berry, of HMS Hazard, for an unnatural offence, 2 Oct, 1807

Lord Elgin v Ferguson, for damages £10000, 22 Dec, 1807

Simmons, the murderer of the Boreham family at Hoddesdon, 4 March, 1808

Sir Arthur Paget, for crime with Lady Borrington, 24 July, 1808

Major Campbell, for killing Captain Boyd in a duel hanged, 4 Aug, 1808

Peter Finnerty and others, for a libel on the duke of York, 9 Nov, 1808

The duke of York, by inquiry in the house of commons on charges preferred against him by colonel Wardle from 26 Jan to 20 March , 1809

Wellesley v Lord Paget, for damages, £20000, 22 May, 1809

The king v Valentine Jones, for breach of duty as commissary-general, 26 May, 1809

Wright v colonel Wardle, for Mrs, Mary Ann Clarke’s furniture, 2 June, 1809

The earl of Leicester v Morning Herald, for a libel damages £1000, 29 June, 1809

William Cobbett, for a libel on the German legion convicted, 9 July, 1809

Hon, captain Lake, for putting Robert Jeffery a British seaman on shore at Sombrero dismissed the service, 10 Feb, 1810

Mr, Perry for libels in the Morning Chronicle acquitted, 24 Feb, 1810

The Vere-street gang, for unnatural offences guilty, 20 Sept, 1810

Peter Finnerty, for a libel on Lord Castlereagh, 31 Jan, 1811

The king v Messrs John and Leigh Hunt for libels guilty, 22 Feb, 1811

Ensign Hepburn and White the drummer, both were executed, 7 March, 1811

Walter Cox, in Dublin, for libels, he stood in the pillory, 22 March, 1811

The king v W Cobbett, for libels, convicted 25 June, 1811

Lord Louth, in Dublin sentenced to imprison­ment and fine for oppressive conduct as a ma­gistrate 19 June, 1811

The Berkeley cause, before the house of peers concluded, 28 June, 1811

Dr Sheridan, physician on a charge of sedition acquitted, 21 Nov, 1811

Gale Jones, for seditious and blasphemous libels convicted, 26 Nov, 1811

William Cundell and John Smith, for high treason, 6 Feb, 1812

Daniel Isaac Eaton, on a charge of blasphemy convicted 6 March, 1812

Bellingham, for the murder of Mr, Perceval the prime minister 15 May, 1812

The king v Mr Lovell, of The Statesman for libel guilty, 29 Nov, 1812

Messrs John and Leigh Hunt, for libels in The Examiner convicted, 9 Dec, 1812

Marquis of Sligo, for concealing a sea-deserter, 16 Dec, 1812

The murderers of Mr Horsfall at York exe­cuted, 7 Jan, 1813

Mr, Hugh Fitzpatrick, for publishing Scully’s History of the Penal Laws , 6 Feb, 1813

The divorce cause against the duke of Hamilton for adultery, 11 April, 1813

Mr, John Magee, in Dublin for libels in the Evening Post guilty, 26 July, 1813

Nicholson, the murderer of Mr, and Mrs Bonar hanged, 21 Aug, 1813

Tuite, murder of Mr Goulding executed, 7 Oct, 1813

The celebrated Mary Ann Clark, for a libel on the Right Honerable William Vesey Fitzgerald afterwards lord Fitzgerald, 7 Feb, 1814

Lord Cochrane Cochrane Johnstone Berenger Butt and others for frauds in the public funds, 22 Feb, convicted, 8 June, 1814

Admiral Bradley, at Winchester for frauds in ship letters, 18 Aug, 1814

Colonel Quentin, of the 10th Hussars by court-martial , 1 Nov, 1814

Sir John Henry Mildmay, bart for criminal covictions with the countess of Rosebery damages £15000, 5 Dec, 1814

George Barnett, for shooting at Miss Kelly of Covent Garden theatre, 8 April, 1816

Captain Hutchinson sir Robert Wilson and Mr Bruce, in Paris for aiding the escape of count Lavalette , 24 April, 1816

” Captain Grant,” the famous Irish robber at Maryborough, 16 Aug, 1816

Vaughan a police officer Mackay and Browne, for conspiracy to induce men to commit felonies to obtain the reward, convicted, 21 Aug, 1816

Colonel Stanhope, by court-martial, at Cambray in France, 23 Sept, 1816

Cashman, a seaman, for the Spafields riots and outrages on Snowhill convicted and hanged, 20 Jan, 1817

Count Maubreuil, at Paris for robbing the queen of Westphalia, 2 May, 1817

Mr RJ Butt, for a libel on lord chief-justice Ellenborough, 23 May, 1817

Mr Wooler, for libels on the government and ministers, 6 June, 1817

Thistlewood Dr Watson Hooper and others, for treason 9 June, 1817

The murderers of the Lynch family at Wildgoose­lodge, Ireland, 19 July, 1817

Roger O’Connor, on a charge of robbing the mail acquitted, 5 Aug, 1817

Brandreth Turner and others, at Derby for high treason, 15 Oct, 1817

Hone, the bookseller, for parodies three trials before Lord Ellenborough extemporaneous and successful defence, 18 Dec, 1817

Mr Dick, for abduction and rape of Miss Crockatt, 21 March, 1818

Appeal of murder case Ashford the brother of Mary Ashford, against Abraham Thornton accused of her murder and acquitted 16 April, 1818

Rev Dr O’Halloran, for forging a frank, 9 Sept, 1818

Robert Johnston, at Edinburgh his dreadful execution, 30 Dec, 1818

Sir Manasseh Lopez, for bribery at Grampound, 18 March, 1819

Mosely Woolfe and other merchants, for conspiracy and fraud, 20 April, 1819

Carlile, for the publication of Paine’s Age of Reason, 15 Oct, 1819

John Scanlan, at Limerick, for murder of Ellen Hanly, 14 March, 1820

Sir, Francis Burdett, at Leiceste for a seditious libel, 23 March, 1820

Henry Hunt and others, for their conduct at the Manchester Reform meeting Reform Meeting, 27 March, 1820

Sir Charles Wolseley and Rev Mr Harrison, for sedition guilty, 10 April, 1820

Thistlewood Ings Brunt Davidson and Tidd, for conspiracy to murder the king’s ministers commenced, 17 April, 1820

Louvel, in France for the murder of the duke de Berri, 7 June, 1820

Lord Glerawley v John Burn, 18 June, 1820

Major Cartwright and others at Warwick, for sedi­tion, 3 Aug, 1820

“Little Waddington,” for a seditious libel, acquitted, 19 Sept, 1820

Lieutenant-colonel French, 6th dragoon guards by court-martial, 19 Sept, 1820

Caroline queen of England, before the house of lords for adultery commenced 16 Aug it terminated 10 Nov, 1820

The female murderers of Miss Thompson, in Dublin, hanged, 1 May, 1821

David Haggart, an extraordinary robber and a man of singularly eventful life at Edinburgh for the murder of a turnkey, 9 June, 1821

Samuel D Hayward, the favourite man of fashion for burglary, 8 Oct, 1821

The murderers of Mrs, Torrance, in Ireland convicted and hanged, 17 Dec, 1821

Cussen Leahy and others, for the abduction of Miss Gould, 29 July, 1822

Barthelemi, in Paris, for the abduction of Elizabeth Florence, 23 Sept, 1822

Cuthbert v Browne, singular action for deceit, 28 Jan, 1823

The famous “Bottle Conspirators,” in Ireland, by ex-officio, 23 Feb, 1823

The extraordinary ” earl of Portsmouth’s case ” commenced, 18 March, 1823

Probert Hunt and Thurtell, murderers of Mr Weare Probert turned king’s evidence after­wards hanged for horse-stealing, 5 Jan, 1824

Mr Henry Fauntleroy, banker of London, for for­gery, hanged, 30 Oct, 1824

Foote v Hayne, for breach of promise of marriage damages £3000, 22 Dec, 1824

Mr Henry Savary, a banker’s son at Bristol for forgery, 4 April, 1825

O’Keefe and Bourke, murderers of the Franks family, 18 Aug, 1825

The case of Mr Wellesley Pole and the Misses Long, commenced, 9 Nov, 1825

Captain Bligh v the honerable William Wellesley Pole for adultery, 25 Nov, 1825

Fisher v Stockdale, for libel in Harriette Wilson, 20 March, 1826

Edward Gibbon Wakefield and others, for abduc­tion of Miss Turner, 24 March, 1827

Rev, Robert Taylor for blasphemy found guilty, 24 Oct, 1827

Richard Gillan, or the murder of Maria Bagster at Taunton, 8 April, 1828

Mr Montgomery, for forgery he committed suicide in prison on the morning appointed for his execution 4 July, 1828

Brinklett, for the death of lord Mount Sandford by a kick, 16 July, 1828

William Corder, for murder of Maria Marten, executed, 6 Aug, 1828

Joseph Hunton, a quaker merchant for forgery hanged, 28 Oct, 1828

Burke, at Edinburgh for the Burking murders Hare his accomplice became approver, 24 Dec, 1828

The king v Buxton and others, for fraudulent marriage, 21 March, 1829

Jonathan Martin, for setting fire to York minster, 31 March, 1829

Stewart and his wife, noted murderers at Glasgow hanged 14 July, 1829

Reinbauer, the Bavarian priest for murders of women, 4 Aug, 1829

Captain Dickenson, by court-martial at Ports­mouth acquitted, 26 Aug, 1829

Mr Alexander, editor of the Morning Journal for libels on the duke of Wellington, convicted 10 Feb, 1830

Clune, at Ennis for cutting out the tongues of the Doyles, 4 March, 1830

Mr Comyn, for burning his house in the county of Clare hanged, 6 March, 1830

Mr, Lambrecht, for murder of Mr Clayton in a duel, 2 April, 1830

Captain Moir, for murder of William Malcolm hanged, 30 July, 1830

Captains Smith and Markham, for killing Mr O’Grady in a duel, 24 Aug, 1830

Captain Helsham, for murder of lieut Crowther in a duel, 8 Oct, 1830

Mr St John Long, for manslaughter of Miss Cashin, 3o Oct, 1830

Polignac Peyronnet and others, ministers of France, 21 Dec, 1830

Richard Carlile, for a seditious libel, inciting to a riot guilty, 10 Jan, 1831

Mr D O’Connell, for breach of proclamation pleaded guilty, 12 Feb, 1831

St John Long, for manslaughter of Mrs, Lloyd, 19 Feb, 1831

Major Dundas, for the seduction of Miss Adams damages £3000, 26 May, 1831

Rev, Robert Taylor (who obtained the revolting distinction of ” the Devil’s Chaplain”), for reviling the redeemer convicted, 6 July, 1831

Mr Cobbett, for a seditious libel the jury could not agree, 7 July, 1831

Mr, and Mrs, Deacle v Mr Bingham Baring MP, 14 July, 1831

John Any Bird Bell, 14 years of age for the murder of Richard Taylor aged 13 hanged at Maidstone, 1 Aug, 1831

The great cause, earl of Kingston v lord Lorton commenced, 9 Nov, 1831

Bishop and Williams, for murder of the Italian boy, 3 Dec, 1831

Earl of Mar, in Scotland, for shooting at Mr, Oldham 17 Dec, 1831

Elizabeth Cooke, for murder of Mrs Walsh by ” Burking”, 6 Jan, 1832

Colonel Brereton, by court-martial at Bristol, 9 Jan, 1832

The murderers of Mr Blood of Applevale county of Clare, 28 Feb, 1832

William Duggan, at Cork for murder of his wife and others, 26 March, 1832

Mr Hodgson (son of the celebrated Miss Aston) v Greene, 26 July, 1832

Mayor of Bristol, for neglect of duty in the Bristol riots, 26 Oct, 1832

Rev Mr Irving, by the Scots church for heresy, 13 March, 1833

Lord Teynham and Dolan, a tailor for swindling guilty, 19 May, 1833

Attorney-general v Shore (lady Hewley’s charity which is taken from the Unitarians), 23 Dec, 1833

Captain Wathen, 15th hussars by court-martial at Cork, honourably acquitted his colonel lord Brudenell cashiered, Jan, 1834

Proprietors of the True Sun, for libels guilty, 6 Feb, 1834

Mary Ann Burdock, the celebrated murderess at Bristol, 10 April, 1835

Sir John de Beauvoir, for perjury acquitted, 29 May, 1835

Fieschi, at Paris for attempting the life of the king Louis Philippe by exploding an infernal machine, 30 Jan, 1836

Hon GC Norton v lord Melbourne, in court of Common Plea for criminal conviction with the Honourable Mrs Norton verdict for defendant, 22 June, 1836

Lord de Roos v Cumming, for defamation, charg­ing lord de Roos with cheating at cards verdict in favour of Mr Cumming, 9 Feb, 1837

James Greenacre and Sarah Gale, for the murder of Hannah Browne Greenacre convicted and hanged Gale transported, 10 April, 1837


Georgian Trials in Britain – British legal system – 1700’s, 1800’s